The Asian Development Bank (ADB), the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and Global Credit Data (GCD) are conducting this survey to identify global market gaps in trade finance. The survey will help policy makers, regulators, and financial institutions better understand gaps and opinions on how they can be closed.
The D/U ratio is calculated as the count of rating downgrades over the count of rating upgrades for a lender during a specific period. It captures the assessment of banks’ risk profile, as they assess it with their internal ratings. As such, it is a forward-looking view on banks’ projections of the crisis.